چشم‌انداز کارکردهای نظام آموزش عالی با رویکرد مدیریت منطقه‌ای در آینده‌

نویسنده

عضو هیئت علمی گروه سیاست علم مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر شناسایی و ‌تحلیل کارکردهای نظام آموزش عالی با رویکرد مدیریت منطقه‌ای است. به منظور نیل به این هدف، از رویکرد کیفی و روش پدیدارشناسی استفاده شد. جامعه آماری تحقیق مدیرکل‌ها و کارشناسان ارشد معاونت‌های آموزشی و پژوهشی بود که بر ‌اساس اشباع نظری داده‌ها، تعداد 11 نفر از آنها به صورت رو در رو مورد مصاحبه قرار گرفتند. برای گردآوری داده‌ها از روش مصاحبه عمیق و برای تحلیل آنها از روش تحلیل محتوای استقرایی استفاده شد. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد کارکردهای قابل واسپاری نظام آموزش عالی به مناطق در آینده در کارکردهای پژوهشی (ساماندهی طرح‌های پژوهشی منطقه‌ای، ساماندهی تسهیلات پژوهشی، ایجاد و توسعه واحدهای پژوهشی و مراکز فناوری، انتخاب پژوهشگران برتر، صدور مجوز و تعیین اعتبار نشریه‌های علمی، صدور مجوز و ارزیابی انجمن‌های علمی، ایجاد و توسعه آزمایشگاه‌های منطقه‌ای و نظارت بر کیفیت خروجی)، کارکردهای آموزشی شامل (برنامه‌ریزی کلان آموزش عالی، ایجاد، ادغام و حذف رشته‌ها، ایجاد، ادغام و حذف مراکز آموزش عالی، نظارت بر کیفیت ارائه رشته‌های درسی در مراکز آموزش عالی، نظارت بر پیامدهای رشته‌های تحصیلی و ...)‌، کارکردهای فرهنگی دانشجویی شامل (برنامه‌ریزی، تصویب و اجرای نقل و انتقالات دانشجویی در سطح منطقه، شناسایی و هدایت استعدادهای درخشان دانشجویی در سطح منطقه و ...) و کارکردهای ستادی (تشکیل کمیسیون‌های موارد خاص در سطح منطقه، فرایند جذب و انتقال اعضای هیئت علمی، بررسی و تصویب سیاست حمایت ویژه از اعضای هیئت علمی در سطح منطقه، گزینش دانشجویان و کارکنان و اعضای هیئت علمی در سطح منطقه) است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Vision of Higher Education System Functions with Regional Management Approach

نویسنده [English]

  • Sahar Kousari
Faculty Member of National Research Institute for Science Policy (NRISP), Science Policy Department, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to identify and analyze the functions of higher education system with a regional management approach. To achieve this goal, a qualitative approach and phenomenological approach were used. The statistical society of the study consisted of general managers and senior experts of educational and research departments, who were interviewed face to face based on theoretical data saturation. In-depth interviews were used for data collection and inductive content analysis was used for data analysis. The research findings showed that the higher education system's assignable functions to future areas are in research functions (including: organizing regional research projects, organizing research facilities, setting up and developing research units and technology centers, selecting top researchers, licensing and validation of scientific journal, licensing and evaluation of scientific associations, establishment and development of regional laboratories and monitoring of output quality), educational functions (including: higher education macro planning, creation, integration and deletion of disciplines, creation, integration and deletion of higher education centers, supervising the quality of programs in Higher Education Centers, monitoring the programs' outcome, etc.), student cultural functions (including: planning, approving and executing student mobility at the regional level, identifying and directing student talent at the regional level, etc.) and staffing functions (including: formation of special case committees at the regional level, recruitment and transfer process of faculty members, review and approval of special support policy for faculty at the regional level, selection of students and staff, and faculty at the regional level and etc).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Higher education
  • Regional Management
  • Ministry of Science
  • Research and Technology
  • Functions
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