پژوهش‌های مرتبط با شایستگی‌ها اعضای هیئت علمی دانشگاه‌های ایران (مرور نظامند مدل‌ها، چالش‌ها و راهکارها)

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، روان‌شناسی، روان‌شناسی تربیتی و مشاوره، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، مدیریت آموزشی، مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار، روان‌شناسی تربیتی، روانشناسی تربیتی و مشاوره، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

4 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، مدیریت آموزشی، مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف فراتحلیلی بر پژوهش‌های شایستگی‌های اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه های ایران انجام شده است جامعه آماری پژوهش حاضرشامل 2712 کار پژوهشی با عنوان هیئت علمی دانشگاه مورد بررسی قرار گرفت با جست و جوی دقیق تر کلید واژه های مرتبط نظیر (هیئت علمی ،اساتید دانشگاه ،صلاحیت های حرفه ای)2540 کار پژوهشی پذیرفته نشد زیرا با عنوان پژوهش حاضر مرتبط نبودند. 175 کار پژوهشی باقیمانده مورد بررسی قرار گرفتند که پس از بررسی دقیق تر 42 کار مورد بررسی و تحلیل قرار گرفت. در نمونه های آماری مورد بررسی 100 درصد مقالات در قالب علمی – پژوهشی می باشند. توزیع مقالات منتشر شده با مضمون شایستگی های اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه های ایران نشان از رشد این پژوهش ها در ده سال اخیر دارد. 62و5 درصد مقالات که با مضمون شایستگی های اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه های ایران بررسی شده توسط هیئت علمی دانشگاه ها نوشته شده است و 37.5 درصد هم توسط دانشجویان دانشگاه ها نوشته شده است. همچنین 62.5درصد پژوهش ها توسط پژوهشگران مرد و 37.5درصد توسط پژوهشگران زن انجام شده اند. همچنین نتایج پژوهش نشان می دهد که مطالعات و پژوهش های انجام شده در شهرهای مختلف ایران انجام شده اند که بیشترین فراوانی در سطح ملی و استان تهران بوده است. در بررسی از نمونه انجام شده بیشترین نوع مقاله از روش کمی استفاده شده است که 58.3 درصد مقالات کار شده از نوع کمی می باشند. همچنین نتایج تحقیق نشان می دهد بیشترین تحقیقات با عنوان شایستگی های کارآفرینانه اعضای هیئت علمی، شایستگی های اعضای هیأت علمی در تعاملات بین المللی، طراحی مدل شایستگی اعضای هیئت علمی، شناسایی و تبیبن شایستگی ها اعضای هیئت علمی،تاثیر هوش هیجانی اعضاء هیات علمی بر عملکرد آموزشی آنها با رویکرد شایستگی های فردی، شایستگی های تدریس اعضای هیئت علمی، ارزیابی شایستگی های اعضای هیئت علمی، ارائه مدل ارزیابی شایستگی های هیئت علمی، بررسی رابطه شایستگی ها و منزلت استادان زن با کیفیت تدریس می باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Faculty Competencies Research of Iranian Universities (Challenges and Solutions)

نویسندگان [English]

  • elahee hejazi 1
  • fatemeh narenji thani 2
  • zahra naghsh 3
  • zahra shamoradi 4
1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
4 MA graduate, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to conduct a cross-sectional study on faculty competencies of Iranian universities in Iran. University, Professional Qualifications) 2540 research papers were rejected because they were not related to the title of the present 175 175 research papers were reviewed which after further examination 135 other research papers were rejected in the series with 16 other papers being rejected due to the content of the 24 papers reviewed. Statistical samples were analyzed in the samples 100% of the articles in scientific terms - their management. Distribution of published articles on the merits of faculty members of Iranian universities shows the growth of these researches in the last ten years. 62 and 5 percent of articles written by faculty members of Iranian universities surveyed by university faculty and 37.5 percent by university students. Also, 62.5% of the research was done by male researchers and 37.5% by female researchers. The results also show that studies have been carried out in different cities of Iran with the highest frequency at national level and Tehran province. : In the survey of the sample most of the articles used quantitative method, 58.3% of the articles were quantitative. The results also show that most research titled Entrepreneurial competencies of faculty members, competencies of faculty members Academic in International Interactions, Designing Faculty Competency Model, Identifying and Analyzing Faculty Members, The Impact of Faculty Members' Emotional Intelligence on their Educational Performance with Individual Competency Approach, Faculty Teaching Competencies, Faculty Assessments , Presentation of Faculty Competency Evaluation Model, Relationship Survey Allergy and status of women faculty are teaching quality.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • faculty member
  • Competency
  • Systematic Review
  • University
[1]    Sayed, S. S. S. A., & Edgar, D. The role of leadership competencies in supporting the Al Nahda University for becoming a learning organization: a new qualitative framework of the DLOQ. International Journal of Business Administration, 2019; 10 (2).

[2]    Kayzouri, A. H., Mohammadi Hoseini, A., Soleimani, and E. Students Perception of Faculty Members, Teaching Competence (Case Study: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad.( Research in Teaching. 2019; 7 (4); 107-131.

[3]    Abedini, S., Kamalzadeh, H., & Aghamolaei, T. Perspectives of medical students regarding criteria for a good university professor, Bandar Abbas, Iran. Hormozgan Medical Journal, 2010; 14 (3): 241-245.

[4]    Opazo, Héctor, and Pilar Aramburuzabala. "9 Service learning in teacher training." Embedding Service Learning in European Higher Education: Developing a Culture of Civic Engagement. 2019; 154-165. Loners: Routledge.

[5]    Sangari, N. Developing the Core Competencies Model of Islamic University Faculty Members Case Study: Alzahra University. Iranian Journal of Management in the Islamic University. 2017; 1: 45-60.

[6]    Martin, T., Eliades, M. J., Wun, J., Burnett, S. M., Alombah, F., Ntumy, R. & Hamilton, P. Effect of supportive supervision on the competency of febrile clinical case management in sub-Saharan Africa. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 2019; 100) 4): 882-888.

[7]    Albu, G., & Cojocariu, V. M. What do university professors still believe in? Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2012; 69: 2184-2192.‏

[8]    Ramesh, P., & Krishnan, P. Professional competence of teachers in Indian higher agricultural education. CURRENT SCIENCE, 2020; 118 (3): 356-361.

[9]    Yue K, Tayler C. Choosing Educational Resources to Build Interprofessional, Palliative Care Competency: A Replicable Review Methodology. J Palliat Care. 2020 Jul 2:825859720935218.

[10]    Blašková, M., Blaško, R., & Kucharčíková, A. Competences and competence model of university teachers. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2014; 159: 457-467.‏

[11]    Dibaei saber, M. Investigating the Role of Knowledge Management in the Faculty Members' Professional Competence Development, A case study: All faculty members of Farabi Campus at Tehran University. Journal of Teacher Professional Development. 2019; 3 (4): 1-14.

[12]    Hashemi, S. A., Mashinchi, A. A., Mohammadkhani, K. A Model for Competency Assessment of the Faculty in the Islamic Azad University IAU Branches in Fars Province. Journal of New Approaches in Educational Administration. 2017; 7 (4): 185-211.

[13]    Chanduví, G., Martín, D. A., & De los Ríos, I. Professional competences: a classification of international models. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2012; 46, 1290-1296.

[14]    Draganidis, F., & Mentzas, G. Competency-based management: a review of systems and approaches. Information management & computer security, 2006; 14 (1): 51-64.

[15]    Sienkiewicz, L.; Jawor-Joniewicz, A.; Sajkiewicz, B. Competency-Based Human Resources Management. The Lifelong Learning Perspective; Educational Research Institute: Warsaw, Poland, 2014; 9–35.

[16]    Boyatzis, R. E. Competencies as a behavioral approach to emotional intelligence. Journal of Management Development, 2009; 28 (9): 749-770.

[17]    Cochran, G. R. Developing a Competency Model for a 21st Century Extension Organization Dissertation. Ohio State University Extension Competency Study. 2009.

[18]    Hu, M. L. M. Developing a core competency model of innovative culinary development. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 2010; 29 (4): 582-590.

[19]    Chyung, S. Y., Stepich, D., & Cox, D. Building a competency-based curriculum architecture to educate 21st-century business practitioners. Journal of Education for Business, 2006; 8 (16): 307-314.

[20]    Dessler, G. A. framework for human resource management. 7rd Ed, Pearson Education India 2013, Pearson Education Inc. New Jersey

[21]    Blaskova, M., Blasko, R., Jankolova, M and jankal, R. Key personality competence of university teacher: comparison of requirements defined by teachers and versus defined by students. Social and behavioral sciences. 2014; 114, 466-475

[22]    Sarimanah, E .R. Improving lecturers' pedagogics competence through the implementation of lesson study in faculty of teacher training and education of PAKUAN University, INDONESIA. Journal of education, teaching, and learning, 2016; 1 (2): 51-55

[23]    Walkowiak, R. Zarządzanie zasobami ludzkimi: competence, now trendy, efektywność. Towarzystwo Naukowe Organizacji i Kierownictwa, Dom Organizational. 2007.

[24]    Shankar, S., Gowtham, N., & Surekha, T. P. Faculty Competency Framework: Towards a Better Learning Profession. Procedia Computer Science, 2020; 172, 357-363.

[25]    Sudarsono, f. Perception towards competence study in MASTERS study program of English language education, teacher training, and education faculty, Tanjungpura University. Proceedings international conference on teaching and education. 2019, 2: 2685-1407

[26]    Ripley MD, Betsy, Jean Bailey PhD, Kenneth Warren EdD, and Katherine JT Henderson MEd. "A Competency-based Approach to Faculty Development." 2019; international Conference on Residency Development.

[27]    Malechwanzi, J. M., Lei, H., & Wang, L. Students' Perceptions and Faculty Measured Competencies in Higher Education. International Journal of Higher Education, 2016; 5 (3): 56-69.

[28]    Chun-mei, H. U. A. N. G. An Analysis of Components and Characteristics of Faculty Academic Competence. Contemporary Teacher Education, 2016; 21 (4).

[29]    Valica, M., & Rohn, T. Development of professional competence in the ethics teachers. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2013, 106, 865-872.

[30]    Alexander, A., Karvonen, M., Ulrich, J., Davis, T., & Wade, A. Community college faculty competencies. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 2012, 36 (11): 849-862.

[31]    Jordan, Catherine, Rhonda Jones-Webb, Nancy Cook, Gail Dubrow, Tai J. Mendenhall, and William J. Doherty. "Competency-based faculty development in community-engaged scholarship: A diffusion of innovation approach." Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 2012; 16 (1), 65-96.

[32]    DeBate, Karl A. "Community college faculty perceptions and behaviors related to academic advising." PhD diss., University of South Florida, 2010.

[33]    Hyatt, L., Williams, P. E. 21st century competencies for Doctoral Leadership Faculty. Innov High Educ, 2011, 36: 53-66.

[34]    Milner, R. J., Gusic, M. E., & Thorndyke, L. E. Perspective: toward a competency framework for faculty. Academic Medicine, 2011; 86 (10): 1204-1210.

[35]    Gholam Hossein Rezayat, Mohammad Yamani Douzi Sorkhabi, Ali Reza Kiamaneshabdorahim Nave Ebrahim, Developing a Competency Model for Presidents of Iranian Public Universities, Iranian Higher Education, 2011; 4 (1): 47. magiran.com/p1069206

[36]    Ghorooneh, Davood, Seyed Mohammad Mirkamali, Abbas Bazargan, and Seyed Kamal Kharazi. "Identifying and prioritizing the factors affecting the faculty development in the University of Tehran." 2014; 1 (1).89-115.

[37]    Salimi, Gh, Heidari, E., Keshavarzi, F. Qualifications of faculty members to fulfill their academic mission; A reflection on the perceptions and expectations of doctoral students. Journal of Innovation and Value Creation. 2015; 7 (1): 85-104.

[38]    Ghorbannejad, P., Isakhani, A. Developing Academic Manager's Competency Model Based on Islamic Models: Comparative Study. Iranian Journal of Management in the Islamic University. 2016; 1 (1), 37-48.

[39]    Tomlinson, M. Graduate employability: A review of conceptual and empirical themes. Higher Education Policy, 2012, 25 (4): 407-431.

[40]    Fachrurrazi, Fachrurrazi. "Relationship Between Teacher Professional Competences and Teacher Work-Autonomy." Sukuma: Journal Pendidikan. 2017; 1 (2) 281-300.

[41]    Poorkarimi, Javad, Mohammad Reza Keramati, and Ali Reza Mohammadi. "Identifying and determining professional competencies of human resources experts." Management Studies in Development and Evolution, 2017, 26 (86): 61-96.

[42]    Hosseini, Shahideh, M. Abughasemi, J. Yadollahi Farsi, and M. Rezei Zadeh. "Identification of entrepreneurial competencies of the faculty members of Iran's state universities (case study: Shahid Beheshti University)." Journal of Educational Sciences, 2017; 24 (1); 151-178.

[43]    Azizi, S., Motameni, A. and Abdollahpour, A. R. A model of individual and social factors affecting entrepreneurial opportunity recognition’, Journal of Entrepreneurship Development, 2012. 5 (2), 7–26.

[44]    Nazarzadeh ZareM, PourkarimiJ, AbiliKh, SalehiGh. Presentation of faculty members' competency model in international interactions: A phenomenological study. Science and Technologyjournal. 2015; 3 (5): 25-89. 

[45]    Mahmoudi, S., Zarei Matin, H., Bhyrayy, S. To Recognize and Clarify the Suitability of Managers in Universities. Journal of Management in the Islamic University, 2012; 1 (1), 114-143. (in Persian)

[46]    Narenjithani F, Mirkamali S M. A qualitative research on identifying barriers to knowledge creation at university. IRPHE. 2018; 24 (4) :71-97

[47]    Ghorbannejad P, Esaikhani A. Designing Competency Model for Academic ManagersBased on Islamic Patterns: A Comparative Study. Management in Islamic University. 2016; 5 (11), pp. 37-48.

[48]    Chitsaz, E. Zolfagharzadeh, M M. Ghiasi Naddoshan, S. Developing a Core Competency Model for Cultural & Social Managers in Iran Universities. Iranian Journal of Management in the Islamic University; 2012, 1 (2): 251-272.

[49]    kayzouri A H, Sadeghpour M. [A Comparison on the effects of traditional, E-Learning and traditional -E Learning on the Pharmacology Course of Nursing students]. Journal of Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences 2017; 24 (2): 123-7.