آسیب های روانشناختی بیماری کرونا ویروس جدید - مطالعه مروری

نویسندگان

1 روانشناسی، روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه سراسری تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

3 . دانشجو کارشناسی ارشد روانشناس بالینی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

4 روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

5 استاد دانشگاه تبریز، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

6 دانشگاه تبریز، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روانشناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

در دسامبر 2019 ویروس جدیدی از نوع کرونا که به آن بیماری تنفسی حاد نیز گفته می‌شود، در شهر ووهان چین شناسایی شد که توسط سازمان بهداشت جهانی کووید -19 نامگذاری گردید. از مهم‌ترین نشانه‌های این بیماری، علائم حاد تنفسی می‌باشد که در 2 درصد موارد منجر به مرگ بیمار می‌شود. این ویروس به سرعت در چین گسترش یافت و در طی چند ماه به کشورهای دیگر نیز سرایت کرد. چنانچه در زمان کوتاهی در مناطقی در جنوب شرق آسیا، شرق آسیا، جنوب آسیا، غرب آسیا، اروپا، قاره آمریکا و حتی استرالیا با شیوع این بیماری روبرو شدند. ایران نیز از جمله کشورهای غرب آسیا است که با این بیماری درگیر شد. با توجه به قدرت شیوع و انتقال بیماری سازمان بهداشت جهانی در 4 فوریه وضعیت اضطراری اعلام و توصیه نمود تا کشورها انتقال فرد به فرد این بیماری را از طریق کاهش تماس افراد بخصوص افراد مبتلا و کارکنان بخش-های مراقبتی و درمان بیماران را کاهش داده و گسترش جهانی آن را کنترل نمایند. وضعیت فعلی شیوع کرونا باعث ایجاد مشکلات سلامت روان مانند استرس، اضطراب، علائم افسردگی، بی‌خوابی، انکار، خشم و ترس در افراد شده است. نتیجه گیری: در هنگام وقوع شیوع بیماری‌های عفونی با مرگ و میر بالا همکاری نزدیک روانپزشکان، متخصصان سایر شاخه‌های سلامت‌روان، مقامات محلی و کارمندان بهداشت در جامعه ضروری است. بنابراین مداخلات روانپزشکی زود هنگام و مداوم توسط تیم بهداشت روان پیشنهاد می‌شود تا تأثیرات آسیب‌زای شرایط بیماری کرونا ویروس به حداقل برساند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

dor 20.1001.1.10272690.1399.30.79.3.0

عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychological impacts of new coronavirus disease- Review Paper

نویسندگان [English]

  • sahar torabi zonouz 1
  • fatemeh ghasemitabegh 2
  • Azam Ghorani 3
  • faezeh ebrahimi sadr 4
  • Majid Mahmoud Alilou 5
  • Razieh Pak 6
1 Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
2 Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
3 MSc of Psychology, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
4 Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran
5 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
6 Department of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
چکیده [English]

In December 2019, a new corona virus, also known as acute respiratory disease, was identified in Wuhan, China, named by the World Health Organization (WHO), COVID-19. One of the most important symptoms of this disease is acute respiratory symptoms, which in 2% of cases lead to the death of the patient. The virus spread rapidly in China and spread to other countries within a few months. The disease has recently spread to areas in Southeast Asia, East Asia, South Asia, West Asia, Europe, the Americas and even Australia. Iran is also one of the West Asian countries affected by the disease. Due to the prevalence and transmission of the disease on February 4, the World Health Organization declared a state of emergency and recommended that countries reduce individual-to-person transmission of the disease by reducing contact with people, especially those with illness and staff and Control its global expansion. The current state of corona prevalence has caused mental health problems such as stress, anxiety, depressive symptoms, insomnia, denial, anger and fear in people. Conclusion: In the event of an outbreak of infectious diseases with high mortality, the close cooperation of psychiatrists, specialists in other branches of health, local authorities and health workers in the community is essential. Therefore, early and continuous psychiatric interventions are recommended by the mental health team to minimize the harmful effects of coronavirus disease conditions.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • COVID-19
  • Psychological distress
  • Mental health
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