مطالعه تطبیقی راهبردها و سیاستهای امنیت انرژی کشورهای منتخب و درس‌آموخته‌هایی برای ایران

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای آینده‌پژوهی، مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، گروه آینده‌پژوهی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه سیاست فناوری نواوری، مرکز تحقیقات سیاست علمی کشور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

به نظر می‌رسد محققان تاکنون با رویکردی مقایسه‌ای به اسناد راهبردی امنیت انرژی کشورهای پیشرو توجه نداشته‌اند. بر این مبنا هدف این نوشتار، مطالعه تطبیقی راهبردها و سیاستهای امنیت انرژی کشورهای منتخب جهت ارایه درس‌آموخته‌هایی برای امنیت انرژی ایران است. رویکرد این پژوهش مطالعه تطبیقی و هدف آن توصیفی-تطبیقی مبتنی بر مقالات، کتاب‌ها و اسناد راهبردی است. نمونه در دسترس در این مطالعه مشتمل بر هشت کشور شامل کشورهای پیشرو در شاخص‌های امنیت انرژی شامل آمریکا، ژاپن، دانمارک، روسیه و بعضی از رقبای منطقه‌ا‌ی ایران شامل ترکیه، رژیم صهیونیستی، عربستان، عراق و قطر انتخاب شده است. در این پژوهش پس از بررسی مسئله تحقیق، به مقایسه شباهت‌ها و تفاوت‌ها کشورهای مورد مطالعه از منظر سیاستهای امنیت انرژی پرداخته شده است. یافته‌های این پژوهش نشان می‌دهد مهم‌ترین درس‌آموخته‌های کشورهای موفق در حوزه امنیت انرژی شامل توجه مستمر دولتها و درک ضرورت ارتقای امنیت انرژی در ذهن دولتمردان؛ توجه برنامه‌ریزان و سیاستگذاران به تغییرات مفهوم و ابعاد امنیت انرژی و بازنگری راهبردها در بخش انرژی با توجه به شرایط جدید پیش‌رو؛ توجه به بافت و ظرفیتهای هر منطقه در سیاستگذاری در حوزه امنیت انرژی؛ هماهنگی، سازگاری و همراستایی سیاست‌ها و راهبردها‌ی تدوین شده در حوزه امنیت انرژی؛ و ساز و کارهای پیگیری و نظارت مشخص برای تقویت امنیت انرژی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

a comparative study of energy security strategies and policies of selected countries and lessons learned for Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Nasresfahani 1
  • naser bagheri moghaddam 2
1 National Research Institute for Science Policy,Tehran, Iran
2 National Research Institute for Science Policy
چکیده [English]

It seems that researchers have not yet paid attention to the strategic energy security documents of leading countries with a comparative approach. Accordingly, The purpose of this article is a comparative study of energy security strategies and policies of selected countries to provide lessons learned for energy security in Iran. The approach of this research is comparative study and its purpose is descriptive-comparative based on articles, books and strategic report. The sample available in this study includes eight countries including leading countries in energy security indicators i, including the United States, Japan, Denmark, and some of Iran's regional competitors, including Turkey, the Israeli regime, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, and Qatar, have been selected. this study, after examining the research issue, the similarities and differences of the studied countries from the perspective of energy security policies have been compared. The findings of this study show that the most important lessons learned from successful countries in the field of energy security include the constant attention of governments and the understanding of the need to improve energy security in the minds of government officials; Attention of planners and policy makers to changes in the concept and dimensions of energy security and review of strategies in the energy sector according to the new conditions ahead; Paying attention to the context and capacities of each region in energy security policy; Coordination, compatibility and alignment of policies and strategies developed in the field of energy security; And specific follow-up and monitoring mechanisms to strengthen energy security.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Energy Security
  • Comparative study
  • Energy Strategies
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