اثر شاخص ترکیبی اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان بر کنترل بیکاری (مطالعه موردی استان‌های ایران)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه بین المللی اهل بیت

چکیده

اقتصادی که در ساختار آن دانش نهادینه شده باشد، می‌تواند مطابق با مقتضیات زمان، به مهارت و تخصص، خلاقیت و نوآوری دست یابد و کسب این ویژه گی ها موجب افزایش بهره‌‌‌وری، افزایش درآمدها و اشتغال، رشد اقتصادی و کاهش بیکاری خواهد شد. بنابر این با توجه به اهمیت و کارایی دانش در ساختار اقتصادی، هدف این تحقیق؛ بررسی اثر شاخص ترکیبی اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان بر بیکاری در استان‌های ایران می‌باشد که با استفاده از داده های سال‌‌‌‌‌‌‌‌های ۱۳۹۰-۱۳۹۷ با رویکرد داده‌های تابلویی از روش حداقل مربعات کاملا اصلاح شده، انجام شده است. نتایج بدست آمده نشان می‌‌‌‌‌‌دهد که بین شاخص ترکیبی اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان و بیکاری، رابطه منفی و معنادار وجود دارد. به نحوی که باافزایش اقتصاد دانش بنیان در استان های ایران بیکاری کاهش می یابد. همچنین افزایش مخارج عمرانی دولت، تولید ناخالص داخلی و صادرات باعث کاهش نرخ بیکاری در استانها میشود و افزایش نابرابری و تورم در کشور اثر معکوس بر بیکاری دارد. بنابراین سیاستگذاران اقتصادی کشور درکنار سیاستهای توسعه صادرات و رونق اقتصادی در مناطق می بایست سیاستهای توسعه اقتصاد دانش بنیان را در دستور کار خود قرار دهند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of Combined Index of Knowledge-Based Economy on Unemployment Control (Case study of Iranian provinces)

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad ghaffary fard
  • hashem maleki nasr
  • mohammad hazegh
ahlul bayt international university
چکیده [English]

An economy that is institutionalized in the structure of knowledge can achieve skills and expertise, creativity and innovation in accordance with the requirements of the time, and the acquisition of these characteristics will increase productivity, increase incomes and employment, economic growth and reduce unemployment. Therefore, considering the importance and efficiency of knowledge in the economic structure, the purpose of this research; The effect of the combined index of knowledge-based economy on unemployment in the provinces of Iran has been done using the data of the years 1390-1397 with the approach of panel data from the fully modified least squares method. The results show that there is a significant negative relationship between the combined index of knowledge-based economy and unemployment. In such a way that the increase of knowledge-based components in the provinces of Iran reduces unemployment in them. Also, the increase in government construction expenditures, GDP and exports will reduce the unemployment rate in the provinces and increase inequality and inflation in the country will have an adverse effect on unemployment. Put on the agenda.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Combined indicators of knowledge-based economy
  • unemployment
  • Panel Data
  • fully modified least squares method
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