جذب دانشجویان بین‌المللی در نظام آموزش عالی ایران و چالش‌های پیش رو

نویسندگان

1 موسسه پژوهش و برنامه ریزی آموزش عالی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار، مؤسسه پژوهش و برنامه‌ریزی آموزش عالی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی چالش‌های جذب دانشجویان بین‌المللی در نظام آموزش عالی ایران صورت گرفته است. زیرا مطالعات و تجربه‌های موجود حاکی از وجود مشکلات گوناگون در زمینه جذب دانشجوی بین‌المللی است. از طرف دیگر با توجه به برنامه ششم توسعه، فاصله زیادی تا رسیدن به اهداف پیش‌بینی شده برای جذب دانشجوی خارجی وجود دارد. بنابراین برای رسیدن به این اهداف و افزایش دانشجویان بین‌المللی، شناخت موانع و کاستی‌های موجود ضروری است. برای رسیدن به هدف پژوهش، از روش کیفی استفاده شده است. ابراز جمع‌آوری اطلاعات مصاحبه نیمه‌ساختاریافته بود. جامعه مورد مطالعه شامل اعضای هیئت علمی دانشگاه‌های جامع دولتی شهر تهران است. نمونه مورد مطالعه نیز به صورت هدفمند و گلوله برفی گزینش شده‌اند. مصاحبه‌ها تا رسیدن به حد اشباع ادامه پیدا کرد. همچنین با استفاده از روش تماتیک نتایج حاصل از مصاحبه‌ها تجزیه و تحلیل شد. یافته‌های پژوهش بیانگر آن است که چالش‌های عمده جذب دانشجویان بین‌المللی از دیدگاه اعضای هیئت علمی در پنج بعد موانع آموزشی، موانع فرهنگی و اجتماعی، موانع اقتصادی، موانع سیاسی و موانع ساختاری/ مدیریتی قابل دسته‌بندی است. در پایان با توجه به نتایج پژوهش، پیشنهادها و راهکارهایی برای رفع چالش‌ها و افزایش جذب دانشجویان بین‌المللی در نظام آموزش عالی ایران ارائه شد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Acceptance International Students to the Iranian Higher Education System and the Challenges Ahead

نویسندگان [English]

  • Homa Fazli Yazd 1
  • asghar Zamani 2
  • Mahtab Pourashishi 2
1 Institute for Research & Planning in Higher Education (IRPHE), Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Higher Education Research and Planning Institute, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the challenges of accepting international students to the Iranian higher education system since the existing studies and experiences indicate a variety of problems in accepting international students in the higher education system in Iran. On the other hand, according to the Sixth Development Plan, there is a long way in order to reach to the goal of increasing the accepting international students. Therefore, in order to achieve these goals and increase international students, it is necessary to understand the existing obstacles and shortcomings. Therefore, the qualitative method has been used in order to achieve the purpose of the study. Moreover, the tools of data collection were semi-structured. The population of study was the faculty members of public comprehensive universities in Tehran. The samples of this study were also selected in the form of snowball. The results of the interviews were also analyzed using the thematic method. The findings indicate that the major challenges for accepting the international students can be categorized into five dimensions: educational, cultural and social barriers, economic barriers, political barriers, and structural / management categories. Finally, according to the results of this study, several suggestions were made to address the challenges for the accepting the international students in the higher education systems of Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Student
  • International Student
  • Acceptance of International Students
  • Iranian Higher Education System
  • Challenge
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