سنجش فضایی اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان در استان‌های مختلف ایران (رویکرد شاخص ترکیبی)

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، علوم اقتصادی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی و رفتاری، دانشگاه بین‌المللی اهل بیت، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، علوم اقتصادی، دانشکده علوم اجتماعی و رفتاری، دانشگاه بین‌المللی اهل بیت، تهران، ایران

چکیده

اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان، اقتصادی است که بر مبنای تولید، توزیع و کاربرد دانش پایه‌گذاری شده است و سرمایه‌گذاری دانش‌محور در آن اهمیتی کلیدی دارد. دستیابی به اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان مستلزم سرمایه‌گذاری در حوزه‌ نیروی انسانی و تدوین سیاست‌های متمرکز بر تحقیق و نوآوری است تا در نهایت بتوان از طریق کارآفرینی و ایجاد صنایع کوچک، متوسط و بزرگ دانش‌بنیان به اهداف کلان اقتصادی و اجتماعی در مناطق دست یافت. با توجه به اهمیت اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان، دراین مقاله به سنجش و‌ رتبه‌بندی آن در استان‌های مختلف ایران با رویکرد شاخص ترکیبی بر اساس روش تلفیقی تحلیل سلسلهمراتبی- تاپسیس پرداخته شده است. نتایج نشان می‌دهد استان‌های تهران، سمنان، کرمان و اصفهان به ترتیب در رتبه اول تا چهارم از لحاظ اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان برخوردارند و آخرین رتبه شاخص ترکیبی اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان به ترتیب به استان‌های لرستان، خراسان شمالی، آذربایجان غربی و کردستان اختصاص دارد. با توجه به نقش و اهمیت شرکت‌های دانش‌بنیان، پژوهش‌های کاربردی، اختراع‌ها و نیروی انسانی متخصص به ویژه در دوره‌ تحصیلات تکمیلی در توسعه اقتصاد دانش‌بنیان در استان‌ها، سیاست‌گذاران ‌باید در برنامه‌های اجرایی سند آمایش آموزش عالی کشور در راستای ارتقای این شاخص‌ها در استان‌های کمتر توسعه‌یافته توجه کافی داشته باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Pathology of Higher Education Spatial Planning in Iran; the First Step of Regional Governance

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ghaffary Fard 1
  • & Hashem Maleky Nasr 2
1 Assistant Professor of Economics, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Ahlul Bait International University, Tehran, Iran
2 Master of Science in Economics, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Ahlul Bait International University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

A knowledge-based economy is an economy based on the production, distribution, and application of knowledge, and Knowledge-based investment is of its key importance. Achieving knowledge-based economics requires investing in human resources and formulating research and innovation-focused policies that can ultimately achieve macroeconomic and social goals in the regions through entrepreneurship and the creation of small, medium, and large-scale industries. Considering the importance of a knowledge-based economy, the current paper assesses and ranks the different provinces of Iran through a combined AHP-TOPSIS based approach. The result shows that Tehran, Semnan, Kerman, and Isfahan provinces are ranked first to fourth in terms of the knowledge-based economy while Lorestan, West Azerbaijan, and Kordestan provinces performed miserably low. Considering the importance of knowledge-based companies, applied research, inventions, and specialized human resources, especially in postgraduate studies in the development of the knowledge-based economy in the provinces, policymakers should plan for Executive agencies of the country's higher education preparation document should pay close attention to promoting these indicators in less developed provinces.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Knowledge economy
  • Composite Index
  • AHP and TOPSIS
[1]    Afzal. M. N. I. Knowledge-based Economy (KBE); an Investigation of Theorical Frameworks and Measurement Techniques in the South East Asian Region. [Ph. D. dissertation]. Australia: University of Southern Queensland; 2014.

[2]    Qasemi M, Faghihi M, Alizadeh P. Requirements for achieving macroeconomic knowledge: Analyzing the legal framework in Iran and providing policy recommendations. (Persian). Yearbook of Economic Research. 2019; 18 (68): 99-152.

[3]    Sabaghian A, Javadi M. [Knowledge economy in the European Union] (Persian). First. Tehran. University of Tehran Publications. 2019.

[4]    Suzanchi Kashani E. [Knowledge Economics: A Review of Knowledge Economics Approaches and Theories] (Persian). 1. Tehran. Chashmeh Publishing, Fall 2016.

[5]    Sabaghian A, Javadi M. [Knowledge economy in the European Union] (Persian). First. Tehran. University of Tehran Publications. 2019.

[6]    Momeni F, Nikonbesbi A. [Knowledge-based economy; An institutional approach to knowledge-based economics, examining the role of technology and innovation in economic development] (Persian). First. Tehran. Chashmeh Publishing. 2017.

[7]    Jengani S, Mehrabani F, Ghobadi, S. Comparing Knowledge-Based Economics to Economic Growth; a Case Study of Iran and OECD Countries. (Persian). First national e-conference on future perspective of Iranian economy national production support approach. 19 dec 2013; Ahvaz University. Iran.

[8]    Khayatian M S, Eliasi M, Tabatabaeian S. The sustainability pattern of knowledge-based companies in Iran. (Persian). Journal of Science and Technology Policy. 2017; 8 (2): 49-62.

[9]    Motawasseli M, Rostamian A. [Knowledge economy: Austrian approach to knowledge economy] (Persian). First. Tehran. Chashmeh Publishing. Autumn 2016.

[10]    Zak, K. the knowledge economy, the diagnosis of its condition in selected countries. Publication, university of economy in Katowise, faculty of management. 2016; 271(2016): 176-188.

[11]    Lopez-leyva S. Mungaray-Mnctezuma A. B. Knowledge Based Economy as a Foundation for the Economic Development of Countries; Management Dynamics in Knowledge Economy. 2017; 15 (4): 481-501.

[12]    Weber, A. S. the role of education in knowledge economics in developing countries. Procedia social and behavioral sciences. 2011; 15 (2011): 2588-2595.

[13]    Gholipour M, Kahani Moghaddam H. Knowledge economy. Selected Proceedings of the 10th Congress of Progressives. (Persian). December 18, 2016; Tehran - Center for Iranian Islamic Progress. Iran.

[14]    Gorgi E. the knowledge economy and the knowledge assessment methodology, the case study of Iran and some other countries, Iranian economic review. 2011. 15 (29): 43-72.

[15]    Khaloo Bagheri M, Shayan Qureshi, S.M, Jafarzadegan A. Knowledge economics is a strategic tool for the realization of a resistive economy. (Persian). First National Conference on Lifestyle Resistance Economics. December 2015: Jihad Daneshgahi Alborz. Tehran.

[16]    Korres, G M., patsikas, S, Polichronopoulos, G. A knowledge based economy; the socio economic impact and the effect on regional growth. Economy informatics. 2002; 1 (1): 5-12.

[17]    Danaei fard H. Knowledge-based economics and maintaining the university's institutional integrity. (Persian). Journal of Research and Planning in Higher Education. 2010; 10 (3): 163-193.

[18]    Sabaghian A, Javadi M. [Knowledge economy in the European Union](Persian). First. Tehran. University of Tehran Publications. 2019.

[19]    Yazdani F, Ahmad Abadi, M.R. The Role of Higher Education in the Knowledge Economy. (Persian). First National Iranian Higher Education Congress. 2016. University of Isfahan. Iran.

[20]    Mehrara, M. Knowledge Economy Index (KEI) in Iran and comparison with other countries of region: the vision 1404 document. International Journal of Applied economic studies. 2015; 3 (2): 1-7.

[21]    Imam salem M. the role of universities in building a knowledge based economy in Saudi Arabia. International business and economic research journal. October 2014; 13 (5): 1047-1056.

[22]    Amiri M, Rahbar F, Elmulhuda. [Knowledge-Based Economics: Definitions, Indicators, Role of Governments and Implications for Iran] (Persian). 1. Tehran. Cheshmeh Publishing; autumn 2016.

[23]    Fatahi S, Azadi A, Hayatnia A. [Investigating the Role of Knowledge Economics in the Realization of Resistance Economics] (Persian). Paper presented at the National Conference on Resistance Economics, Challenges, Facts and Solutions. 15 and 16 April 2015; Razi University. Kermanshah. Iran.

[24]    Abbassian E, Daliri, H. Estimation and ranking of provinces in terms of knowledge-based economy indicators. (Persian). Social Welfare Research Quarterly. 2010; 12 (45): 339-367.

[25]    Safaei N, Taleghani Nia F, Kiamanesh, A. Identifying and Ranking Key Factors of Knowledge Management Success in Knowledge Based Companies, Case Study; Science and Technology Park of Tehran University. (Persian). Journal of Technology Growth. 2018; 13 (50): 21-28.

[26]    Baseri B, Asghari N, Kia, M. Comparative Analysis of the Role of the Components of the Knowledge-Based Economy on Economic Growth. (Persian). Iranian Journal of Economic Research. 2012; 16 (47): 1-29.

[27]    Sabaghian A, Javadi M. [Knowledge economy in the European Union] (Persian). First. Tehran. University of Tehran Publications. 2019.

[28]    Amiri M, Rahbar F, Elmulhuda. [Knowledge-Based Economics: Definitions, Indicators, Role of Governments and Implications for Iran] (Persian). 1. Tehran. Cheshmeh Publishing; autumn 2016.

[29]    Emadzadeh M, Shahnazi R, Dehghan Shabani Z. A Comparative Study of the Knowledge-Based Economy in Iran Comparative Comparison with Three Neighboring Countries. (Persian). Journal of Economic Research. 2007; 6 (2): 103-132.

[30]    Emadzadeh M, Shahnazi R. Investigating the Basis and Indicators of a Sustainable Economy and Its Position in Selected Countries Compared to Iran. (Persian). Economic Journal. 2009; 7 (27): 143-175.

[31]    Azizi F, Moradi F. Calculating Knowledge Economy Indicators for Iran. (Persian). Journal of Economic Research and Policies. 2019; 26 (85): 243-270.

[32]    Shahnazi R, Akbari N, Jamshidi, H. The Role and Position of Knowledge-Based Economics on the Formation of Special Science and Technology Areas, a Case Study of Iranian Economy. (Persian). Journal of Parks and Growth Centers. 2014; 9 (36): 2-10.

[33]    Almkhah A, Sadeghi Shahedani M. A Review of the Literature Economics Literature from Formation to Action, Case Study: Investigating the Economic Status of Literature in Iran. (Persian). Journal of Growth and Technology. 2016; 11 (44): 17-27.

[34]    Azizi F, Moradi F. Calculating Knowledge Economy Indicators for Iran. (Persian). Journal of Economic Research and Policies. 2019; 26 (85): 243-270.

[35]    Chen, Derek H. C., Dahlman, Carl J. The knowledge economy, the KAM methodology and World Bank operation, publication, World Bank institute, Washington D. C., stock no., 37256. 2006.

[36]    Arab Shahi Karizi A, Kamasi S, Saremi Gro, A. Knowledge-based economics from idea to action.(Persian). The first is National Business Management. January 1st, 2013; Hamedan. Iran.

[37]    Almkhah A, Sadeghi Shahedani M. A Review of the Literature Economics Literature from Formation to Action, Case Study: Investigating the Economic Status of Literature in Iran. (Persian). Journal of Growth and Technology. 2016; 11 (44): 17-27.

[38]    Arab Shahi Karizi A, Kamasi S, Saremi Gro, A. Knowledge-based economics from idea to action.(Persian). The first is National Business Management. January 1st, 2013; Hamedan. Iran.

[39]    Almkhah A, Sadeghi Shahedani M. A Review of the Literature Economics Literature from Formation to Action, Case Study: Investigating the Economic Status of Literature in Iran. (Persian). Journal of Growth and Technology. 2016; 11 (44): 17-27.

[40]    [40] Arab Shahi Karizi A, Kamasi S, Saremi Gro, A. Knowledge-based economics from idea to action.(Persian). The first is National Business Management. January 1st, 2013; Hamedan. Iran.

[41]    Karaham, O. input-output indicator of knowledge based economy and Turkey, journal of business, economics and finance. 2012; 1 (2): 21-36.

[42]    Basher M. knowledge economy index (KEI) 2012 ranking for Islamic countries and assessment of KEI indicators for Pakistan. International journal of academic in economics and management sciences, November 2013; 2 (6): 28-43.

[43]    World Bank (2012). Knowledge economy index (KEI) Ranking. Available at: http://worldbank.org/kam.

[44]    Vinnychuk, O.; Skrashchuk, L. Vinnychuk I. Research of Economic Growth in the context of Knowledge Economy. Intellectual Economics. 2014; 8(9): 116-127.

[45]    World Bank (2016), knowledge for development (K4D). Available at: http://worldbank.org/kam.

[46]    Tocan, M. knowledge based economy assessment. Journal of knowledge management, economic and information technology. 2012; 2 (5):240- 254.

[47]    Abbassian E, Daliri, H. Estimation and ranking of provinces in terms of knowledge-based economy indicators. (Persian). Social Welfare Research Quarterly. 2010; 12 (45): 339-367.

[48]    Fatahi S, Azadi A, Hayatnia A. [Investigating the Role of Knowledge Economics in the Realization of Resistance Economics] (Persian). Paper presented at the National Conference on Resistance Economics, Challenges, Facts and Solutions. 15 and 16 April 2015; Razi University. Kermanshah. Iran.

[49]    Khayatian M S, Eliasi M, Tabatabaeian S. The sustainability pattern of knowledge-based companies in Iran. (Persian). Journal of Science and Technology Policy. 2017; 8 (2): 49-62.

[50]    Azizi F, Moradi F. Calculating Knowledge Economy Indicators for Iran. (Persian). Journal of Economic Research and Policies. 2019; 26 (85): 243-270.

[51]    Qasemi M, Faghihi M, Alizadeh P. Requirements for achieving macroeconomic knowledge: Analyzing the legal framework in Iran and providing policy recommendations. (Persian). Yearbook of Economic Research. 2019; 18 (68): 99-152.

[52]    Almkhah A, Sadeghi Shahedani M. A Review of the Literature Economics Literature from Formation to Action, Case Study: Investigating the Economic Status of Literature in Iran. (Persian). Journal of Growth and Technology. 2016; 11 (44): 17-27.

[53]    Lopez-leyva S. Mungaray-Mnctezuma A. B. Knowledge Based Economy as a Foundation for the Economic Development of Countries; Management Dynamics in Knowledge Economy. 2017; 15 (4): 481-501.

[54]    Vinnychuk, O.; Skrashchuk, L. Vinnychuk I. Research of Economic Growth in the context of Knowledge Economy. Intellectual Economics. 2014; 8 (9): 116-127.