Rüegg, Walter (Ed.). A History of the University in the Europe, Four Volumes, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2003, 2004, 2017.
 Paya, Ali. Analytic Philosophy from the Perspective of Critical Rationalism, Tehran: Tarh-e Naqd Publications. 2016.
 Paya, Ali. Greh Goshaee Be Shiveh-ye Philosophan va Mohandesan (Problem-solving in Accordance with the Approaches of Philosophers and Engineers: Essays Concerning Science, Technology and Science Policy), Tehran: Institute for Cultural and Social Research. 2017.
 Paya, Ali. Rah va Rasm-e Manzel-ha (Tools of the Trade: Essays on, and from the viewpoint of, Human Sciences), Tehran: Institute for Cultural and Social Research. 2018.
 Paya, Ali. The Status of University in the Iranian Society in the 21st Century: Critical Reflections on the New Functions of not a Very New technology, in The Philosophy of University, edited by Reza Mahoozi, Tehran: Institute of Cultural and Social Studies. 2019.
 Rüegg, Walter (Ed.). A History of the University in the Europe, Vol. 4, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2017.
 Del Castillo, Daniel. A 1,000-Year-Old University Takes on a New and Troubling Role, Chronicle of Higher Education, 2001, 47 (35).
 Kerski, Joseph. Interpreting Our World: 100 Discoveries That Revolutionized Geography, Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. 2016.
 Paya, Ali. How to Promote, Modern Critical Thinking in the Context of Islamic Studies in Virtual Environment? In E-Learning and Islamic Studies: An International Conference, edited by Morteza Rezaee-Zadeh, London: ICAS Press. 2017.
 Grendler, Paul. The Universities of the Renaissance and Reformation, Renaissance Quarterly, 2004, 57 (1), 1-42.
 Nybom, Thorsten. The Humboldt Legacy: Reflections on the Past, Present, and Future of the European University, Higher Education Policy, 2003, 16, 141–159.
 Bruford, W. H. the German Tradition of Self-Cultivation: 'Bildung' from Humboldt to Thomas Mann, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 1975.
 Ash, Mitchell. Bachelor of What, Master of Whom? The Humboldt Myth and Historical Transformations of Higher Education in German-Speaking Europe and the US, European Journal of Education, 2006, 41 (2), 245-267.
 Josephson, Peter; Karlsohn, Thomas, Östling, Johan, the Humboldtian Tradition: Origins and Legacies, Leiden: Brill. 2014.
 Gregor, Mary. Introduction to The Conflict of the Faculties, translation and introduction by, New York: Abaris Books. 1979.
 Kant, Immanuel. The Conflict of the Faculties, translation and introduction by Mary Gregor, New York: Abaris Books. 1789/ 1979.
 Paulsen, Friedrich. German education past and present. London: T. Fisher Unwin. 1908.
 Jaspers, Karl. The Idea of the University, Beacon Hill, Boston: the Beacon Press. 1959.
 Newman, John Henry. The Idea of the University, Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press. 1852.
 Lyotard, Jean-François. The Postmodern Condition A Report on Knowledge, Manchester: Manchester University Press. 1979.
 Gibbons, Michael, et.al. The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies, London: Sage, 1994.
 Paya, Ali. Transdisciplinary Approach: A Critical Appraisal from an ‘Islamic Perspective, American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (AJISS), 2015, 32 (1) 2015, 23-48.
 Nowotny, Helga; Peter Scott; Gibbons, Michael (2003). Introduction: Mode 2 Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge, Minerva, 41 (3):179-194.
 Merrick, Rethink the MBA: Why Business School Is Riskier Than You Think, Createspace Independent Pub. 2014.
 Zanetti, Mariana. The MBA Bubble: Why Getting an MBA Degree Is a Bad Idea, Createspace Independent Pub. 2013.
 Byrne, John. What A Harvard MBA Now Costs, Poets and Quants
https://poetsandquants.com/2017/08/11/what-a-harvard-mba-now-costs (accessed 4/11/2018).
 Karimian, Hassan & Musavi-nia, Seyyed Mahdi. Agora and Socio-Cultural Relationships in Ancient Athens, Bagh-e Nazar, 2013, 10 (24), 13-26.
 Najaf-zadeh, Mahdi. From the Simultaneous Emergence of the Public Space in Iran and the West to the Socio-Political Obstacles of its Development in Iran,” The Journal of Sociology, 2014, 15 (1), 115-192.
 Madan, Kamlesh and Breuning, Martijn H. (2018). Skewed sex ratio in India, an overview of the present state of affairs, EIDON, nº 50 diciembre 2018, 50: 3-19 DOI: 10.13184/eidon.50.2018.3-19, www.revistaeidon.es/index.php/revistaeidon/article/ download/71/46/ (accessed 4/11/2018).
 Paya, Ali, Ebrahimabadi, Hossein & Arvin, Bahareh. A Critical Pathology of the Underdevelopment of Social and Human Sciences in Iran, Tehran: Institute for Cultural and Social Studies. 2015.