Walsh PP, Murphy E, Horan D. The role of science, technology and innovation in the UN 2030 agenda. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2020 May 1; 154: 119957.
 Gault F. Science, technology and innovation indicators: opportunities for Africa. African Statistical Journal. 2008 May; 6 (May): 141-61.
 OECD. Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World: Responding to Policy Needs. OECD; 2007.
 Fernández-Sastre J, Montalvo-Quizhpi F. The effect of developing countries' innovation policies on firms' decisions to invest in R&D. Technological Forecasting and Social Change. 2019 Jun 1; 143: 214-23.
 Cirera X, Muzi S. Measuring innovation using firm-level surveys: Evidence from developing countries. Research Policy. 2020 Apr 1; 49 (3): 103912.
 Gault, F. Science, technology and innovation indicators:opportunities for Africa. The African Statistical Journal. 2008; 6: 141-162.
 NEPAD.Ministerial Conference on Science and Technology: Outline of a Plan of Action, Pretoria: NEPAD. 2003.
 Siyanbola, W., Adeyeye, A., Olaopa, O., & Hassan, O. Science, technology and innovation indicators in policy-making: the Nigerian experience. Palgrave Communications.2016; 2 (1): 1-9.
 Konrad, N., & Wahl, D. Science, technology and development indicators for third world countries—Possibilities for analysis and grouping. Scientometrics. 1990; 19(3-4): 245-270.
 Teitel, S. Science and technology indicators, country size and economic development: An international comparison. World Development. 1987; 15 (9): 1225-1235.
 Chinaprayoon, C. Science, Technology and Innovation composite indicators for developing countries. Doctoral dissertation. Georgia Institute of Technology. 2007.
 Nour, S. S. O. M. Assessment of science and technology indicators in Sudan. Science, Technology and Society. 2012; 17 (2): 323-354.
 Iizuka, M., & Hollanders, H. The need to customise innovation indicators in developing countries. Maastricht, The Netherlands: Maastricht University. 2017.
 Noroozi Chakoli, A. Assessing and analyzing the current and desired situation the country's science and technology gap and comparative study with selected countries (Turkey, Japan, USA, Israel, UK, India, Pakistan, Malaysia). Research project. Tehran: National research institute for science policy.2008. (In persion).
 Salami,S.R. and Mohammadi, M. Providing a conceptual model for measuring national innovation in developing countries. Journal of technology development management. 2008; 1 (1): 73-89. (In persion).
 Bitaab, A., Ghazinoory, S. Shojaei. S. A Model for Innovation Auditing at National Level. Journal of technology development management. 2013; 1 (2): 3-29. (In persion).
 Maymand,M., Miramini, J. Development of science and technology indicators and knowledge-based indicators based on the strategic knowledge model in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Culture in the islamic university. 2014; 4 (4): 621-643. (In persion).
 Sepehr Ghazinoory
, S., and Farazkish, M. A modal for STI national evaluation based efficiency, effectiveness and Utility index. Journal of strategic studies of public policy. 2018; 8 (27): 205-229. (In persion).
 Braun V., & Clarke V. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative research in psychology. 2006; 3 (2): 77-101.
 Namdarian L. Evaluation of science, technology, and innovation (STI) in Iran. COLLNET Journal of Scientometrics and Information Management.2017; 11 (2): 253-271.
 Board of Supervision and Assessment of Cultural and Scientific Affairs, the Supreme Council of Cultural Revolution. A glance at S&T situation in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2003- 2006. (In Persian).
 Ministry of science, research and technology. Strategic development plan of science and technology in the Islamic Republic of Iran. 2008. (In Persian).
 Institute for research and planning in higher education.evaluation framework of science, technology and innovation. 2008. (In Persian).
 Supreme council of Cultural Revolution. Development trend of science and technology in Iran. (2014-2019). (In Persian).
 Namdarian, L., Kalantari, N., Alidousti. S. [Evaluation of Science, Technology and Innovation: A Review of Indicators and Organizatio (Persian)]. Tehran: Iranian research institute for information science and technology (IRANDOC); 2017. (In Persian).
 AL-Rasheed, A. Financing Science and Technology Research: KACST Experience. Paper presented in conference: Scientific Research and Technological Development in the GCC Countries. Bahrain .1998.
 Kayal AA. Science and technology indicators: a framework for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. InPICMET'99: Portland International Conference on Management of Engineering and Technology. Proceedings Vol-1: Book of Summaries (IEEE Cat. No. 99CH36310) 1999 Jul 29 (Vol. 1, pp. 288-vol). IEEE.
 Alshayea A. Scientific Research in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: Potential for Excellence and Indicators of Underdevelopment. Higher Education Studies. 2013; 3 (5):47-51.
 Wu T, Li Y. A Review of the National Green Innovation System in Israel. InIOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 2019 Apr (Vol. 252, No. 4, p. 042120). IOP Publishing.
 Al-Awadhi, N., and Y. Al-Sultan. National science, technology and innovation policy for the State of Kuwait. Kuwait: Institute for Scientific Research. 2007.
 Shihab-Eldin, A. Strengthening STI system to support building Knowledge-Based Economy) KBE) in Kuwait: The Role of KFAS, Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences) KFAS(. 2016.
 Dobrinsky R. The National Innovation System of Azerbaijan in the Context of the Effective Development and Diffusion of Green Technologies. In Presentation to the Joint National Seminar on Ways to Green Industry. Astana 2013 Oct. 23-25.
 National coordination council on sustainable development. Second voluntary national review of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the implementation of Transforming our world: the 2030 agenda for sustainable development. 2019.
 UNESCO. Science, technology and innovation policy for Lebanon, National Council for Scientific Research, Lebanon. 2008.
 Gaillard J. Evaluation of Scientific, Technology and Innovation Capabilities in Lebanon. IRD, Paris: (in collaboration with Jacques Kabbanji, Joseph Bechara and Mona Assaf). 2007.
 Osama A, Hassan SZ, Chatha KA. The atlas of Islamic-world science and innovation: Country case study no. 3. InLahore: The Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) 2012.
 Shahid M. S&T indicators of Pakistan: A country report. In2010 South Asian Regional Workshop on STI Indicators, Kathmandu, Nepal 2010 Dec 6.
 Bashir, M. Science, technology and innovation indicators of Pakistan. Islamabad: Ministry of Science and Technology. www.pcst.org.pk/docs/STIIndicators2014.pdf. 2014.
 Bond M, Maram H, Soliman A, Khattab R. Science and innovation in Egypt. London: Royal Society. 2012.
 Academy of Scientific Research & Technology. Egyptian science and technology indicators. 2015. 2016 http://www.asrt.sci.eg/images/vol5.pdf
 David A, Szigetvari T. Scientific cooperation between the European Union and Turkey–advantages and possible synergies. Institute for World Economics-Centre for Economic and Regional Studies-Hungarian Academy of Sciences; 2015 Nov.
 TUBITAK. Turkish ERA Roadmap; National roadmap on European research area. 2019.
 TUBITAK. Science, technology, and innovation in turkey 2012. Scientific and Technological Research Council: Department of Science, Technology, and Innovation Policy. 2013.