عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the most important areas in the field of science, technology, and innovation (STI) policy is policymaking concerning the growth and development of basic sciences and technologies. However, the role of basic sciences and technologies in the development process of societies has not been sufficiently studied and there is no comprehensive agreement on the importance of these sciences for development and subsequent support. The purpose of this study is to identify the covered scientific fields, key functional dimensions, and policy plans and programs of institutions supporting basic sciences and technologies in leading countries, and to extract policy implications for similar organizations in Iran.
This paper conducted document analysis and benchmarking using the best experiences to study and review the world's top experiences in policymaking for the development of basic science and technology in leading countries in the field of science and technology.
The result indicate that the main functions of institutions supporting the development of basic sciences and technologies are as follows: Supporting talents and scientific and technology pioneers; Supporting problem-oriented education and research to address national and international challenges; Development of international scientific and technological interactions and cooperation; Supporting innovative and promising researches and commercialization of research achievements; Supporting fundamental research in the field of scientific and technological trends; and Generalization, popularization, and promotion of science and technology discourse in society.