عنوان مقاله [English]
Effectiveness-based evaluations have always been of interest to countries and organizations due to their focus on identifying and explaining the relationship between performances and goals and missions. In other words, in this type of evaluation, the aim is to explain to what extent the activities carried out in a country or an organization are in line with their goals and missions and have been able to satisfy the embedded needs of these goals and missions. This type of study can show how well these activities conform to set goals and missions and, in other words, answers the important question of whether such activities should be done or not? Despite the importance of this category, evaluations of science, technology, and innovation based on explaining effectiveness have not yet been on the agenda of centers active in measuring and evaluating science, technology, and innovation in the country and to implement such an approach in evaluation, it is necessary to develop a coherent and systematic structure. The purpose of this study was to provide a conceptual model for the structure of this type of evaluation in the country while enumerating the dimensions of evaluations based on effectiveness in science, technology, and innovation.
This study tries to provide a conceptual model for the structure of the type of evaluation in the country. In this way, related printed and electronic sources and texts as well as interviews were used as data collection tools. The human population of this study consists of 15 experts in the fields of science, technology, and innovation who were selected by purposive sampling.
The results show that evaluations aimed at identifying the effectiveness of organizational and national activities and practices are of particular importance in scientometrics; This is because these types of evaluations answer an important question that arises before the performance evaluation phase begins, and that is about the correctness or incorrectness of the activities that should have been on the agenda. To achieve this kind of systematic evaluation, the country's science, technology, and innovation
evaluation system needs new conceptual and structural requirements that must be explained and implemented with the support of stakeholders and organizations. The results obtained in this paper show that to achieve such goals, we can act on the model of the National Consortium of Measurement and Evaluation of Science, Technology, and Innovation.