عنوان مقاله [English]
Artificial intelligence is one of the emerging technologies that has recently changed the world dramatically. With the increase in the use of artificial intelligence in recent years, policymakers in different countries of the world, in order to further improve the conditions of use of this emerging technology, as well as to address its challenges and potential risks, have developed various policy programs.
Using a qualitative approach and content analysis method, in order to achieve the most important goals and policy tools considered during the selected documents of different countries, has extracted the key themes of the national artificial intelligence documents of six countries in this field between 2017 and 2021.
The findings have shown that 5 policy objectives and 7 policy instruments have been the most important issues that have been given special emphasis in the studied documents. The objectives of the extracted policy are: 1) achieving competitive advantage and economic growth, 2) promoting human capital and knowledge, 3) increasing social welfare and improving public services, 4) enhancing scientific capacity, and 5) improving technical and data infrastructure. Also, the policy tools identified during the research were as follows: 1) financing research and development, 2) regulating and developing standards, 3) culture and education, 4) consulting and acceleration services, 5) networking and ecosystem development, 6) Government procurement, and 7) Stimulating market demand.
The results of the review of national documents for the development of artificial intelligence indicate that the objectives of the development of artificial intelligence include various economic, political, social, and technical areas and in addition to economic benefits and welfare, consider ethical and security challenges surrounding the development of this technology. Regarding the policy instruments, balanced attention to the four categories of supply-side stimulation, demand-side stimulation, system-building relationships, and finally, legislation and regulation, can ensure the success of countries in the face of increasing development and diverse applications of artificial intelligence.
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