تحقق مرجعیت علمی در بافتار نسل ان-اُم دانشگاهی

نوع مقاله : دیدگاه

نویسندگان

1 استاد زبان و ادبیات عربی ،دانشگاه تهران،تهران ، ایران

2 استادیار مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، تهران، ایران

10.22034/rahyaft.2023.11413.1434

چکیده

دانشگاه‌ها، نهادهایی رسمی اجتماعی هستند که وظایف و کارکردهای متعددی برای آن‌ها از سوی صاحبنظران و سیاست‌گزاران بیان شده است و در این میان، مرجعیت علمی یکی از کارویژه‌های اساسی آن است. دانشگاه در گذر تاریخ، همسو با تحولات اجتماعی، فرهنگی، سیاسی و اقتصادی، دچار تحول و دگردیسی نسلی شده‌اند که به نسل‌های دانشگاهی شناخته شده می‌شوند. نسل اول تا پنجم دانشگاه برگرفته از این تغییرات بوده است و در آینده نیز به تناسب تحولات جهانی و محلی دچار تغییر خواهند شد و نسل‌های دیگر نیز به وجود خواهد آمد. این پژوهش با بررسی نسل‌های دانشگاهی و نقد کاستی‌های آن‌ها و عدم پاسخگویی به مسائل و نیازهای جوامع مختلف در ادوار مختلف و ارائه طرح دانشگاه نسل ان-اُم (نسل دانشگاه فرانسلی) به‌عنوان طرحی نو برای همه مکان‌ها و زمان‌ها پرداخته است. این طرح علاوه بر پوشش نارسایی‌های نسل‌های رایج دانشگاهی، رویکردی زاینده و فزاینده برای کارکردهای نظام دانشگاهی در پی خواهد داشت. دانشگاه حکمت‌بنیان با الهام از اندیشه‌های ناب اسلامی و فلسفه سیاسی اسلام و نظام تربیت محور انقلاب اسلامی، الگویی است که به ایده دانشگاه فرانسلی نزدیک است. در این رویکرد دانش نظری، عملی و فنی با هم در ‌آمیخته می‌شود تا افزون بر پاسخگویی به نیازها و مسائل فردی، اجتماعی، منطقه‌ای و بین‌المللی بشریت، کارکرد کشف و شناخت حقیقت و تعالی انسان را هم داشته باشد. از این‌رو می‌توان گفت، نظام دانشگاهی فرانسلی با تأکید بر رویکرد حکمت بنیان، می‌تواند الگویی مناسب و جهان‌شمول برای تمامی نظام‌های آموزش عالی باشد که در تشخیص و فهم رویدادها، جریان‌ها، نیازها و مسائل فردی، سازمانی، اجتماعی، و بین‌المللی بشریت و ارائه‌ راه‌حل‌های ممکن برای این مسائل تواناست. نتایج این پژوهش، نشان از آن داشت که مرجعیت علمی در قالب نسل‌های مرسوم دانشگاهی، قابلیت تحقق واقعی نخواهد داشت؛ بلکه در بستر حکمت بنیانی و توجه به رسالت اصلی دانشگاه می‌توان انتظار داشت که نظام دانشگاهی به عنوان مرجع اصلی علم در جامعه شناخته شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Realization of Scientific Authority in the Context of Nth Generation of Universities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ali bagher Taheriniya 1
  • Mahdi NamdariPejman 2
1 Professor of Arabic Language and Literature,, University of Tehran,Tehran.Iran
2 Assistant Professor Educational Management,, University of Farhangian, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Higher education as an organized and planned social system (Mazo, 2021) is considered to deal with all kinds of social, political, economic, and geographical inequalities in low-income and less-developed countries. This institution, as an institution that has the task of socialization, guides the seekers of knowledge in a defined process in the cognitive and psychological field and creates characteristics in him and several functions for it is listed (Shaoming & Hui-Shu, 2014; Mapulanga, 2014; Rezaei, 2019).
What is the main mission of universities is a subject that is a subject of controversy and research not only in Iran, but also in the world community and the educational systems of different countries, and it has been raised as an important challenge. Challenges such as the diversity in Canadian universities, the abundance of environmental information and the early non-compliance of German universities with them, the risk of reputation, the size and international and research orientation or the degree of the academy in English universities, lack of uniformity, lack of clear direction, weak regulatory standards, lack of resources, and corruption have been introduced in Pakistan universities. This diversity in challenges led to generational paradigmatic changes in higher education and we are currently in the fifth generation. This generation sequence can somehow be attributed to the lack of understanding of the society's situation and the future compared to the real needs. Perhaps the idea of a Meta-generation University can be presented as an alternative for university generations. Meta-generation University is a university that is based on general, stable and universal principles and seeks to provide the basis for achieving the prosperity of the society by producing science, knowledge and technology. On the other hand, the issue of the academic authority of the university system is seriously emphasized in the 1404 vision document, the comprehensive scientific map of the country, and the fifth development plan. According to the research, reference strategy is identified with factors such as focus, capabilities, use of opportunities, competitive advantage, determining the scope of action and choosing the scientific field. These factors appear in the context of the university system, which is not captured by the passing waves in the scientific world and cannot forget its mission and mission despite frequent turbulences.
Rereading the paradigmatic change of academic generations has at least a few clear messages: First, the university and the institution of science, research and culture, rather than being a driver, has determined and pursued its direction, subject to external developments, environmental conditions, and external requirements. Second, the expectation from the institution of science, research, and technology in the past periods has been superficial and partial, not fundamental and deep, and for this reason, we have witnessed major changes in academic generations. Thirdly, the classification of academic generations is affected by It has been the philosophy and worldview of the thinkers in this field. For this reason, with the rise and fall of philosophical theories and worldviews, these generations have been formed or gone out of center. Therefore, the classification of university generations is based on three keywords, which can be referred to as the triangle of inefficiency of universities, and those three terms are contingency, passivity, and expiration.
To deal with the lack of stability in academic generations, the idea of a "Wisdom-based University" can be proposed. Wisdom-based University is an institution that is the starting point of the Islamic-Iranian model of progress. Imam Khomeini said in this regard: "If the universities are not repaired and our schools are not repaired, we have no hope of finding the Islamic Republic" (Jafari, Seyedjavadi & Zaboli, 2021). This active role of higher education and consequently the university system is because universities have basic scientific actors who conduct research at the frontiers of knowledge and establish scientific authority.
The Nth generation of universities is based on three stable principles, which are comprehensiveness, multifacetedness, and intelligence, instead of the triad of contingency, passivity, and expiration. These three elements can be found more than any other model in the model of Wisdom-based University. In Meta-generation and Wisdom-based Universities, talking about generation as an approach or paradigm does not have an expiry date, but this particular university system aims to divide universities into different generations while accelerating changes. In today's environment, these classifications will be nothing but a fruitless attempt to accompany and harmonize with external developments, and we must seek to go beyond the definitions and limitations of generations, a great mission that is the truth of existence and deep insight is based on monotheistic and divine worldview, it should be at the forefront. This long-lasting academic generation emphasizes Wisdom-based Universities because it considers the mission of universities to be transcendental and trans-spatial. A university that seeks to build a society based on ethics and transcendence based on monotheistic naturalism for the education of a transcendent human being; and it is not built in response to problems, problems, and environmental issues. In other words, a Wisdom-based University does not act passively to define the environment of its mission and to give it a special generation title to create a new generation. It determines the mission of the society and human happiness

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Higher Education
  • University Generations
  • Islamic-Iranian Model of Progress
  • Meta Generation University
  • Scientific Authority
  • University Mission
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